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Violation of Public Policy as a Ground for Refusal in Recognition and Enforcement of International Commercial Arbitration Awards

A.V. GABOV, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Deputy Director of the Institute of Legislation and 
Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation, 
Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation 

N.I. GAIDAENKO SHER, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Scientific Fellow of the Institute 
of Legislation and Comparative Law at the Government 
of the Russian Federation 

E.S. GANICHEVA, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Research Scientist of the Institute of Legislation 
and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation 

V.M. ZHUIKOV, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Legislation 
and Procedure of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law 
at the Government of the Russian Federation, 
Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation 

The effectiveness of using the possibility of resolving disputes through recourse of international commercial arbitration depends on whole legal policy, as well as on those statutes that establish the conditions and procedure for the implementation of decisions taken by the arbitration. The abstract possibility of applying to an arbitration court in the absence of a real opportunity to obtain execution on the decision does not help to expand the practice of using arbitration courts to resolve their disputes. That is why, by concluding the arbitration agreement, its participants count on the support and assistance of the state in the enforcement of the arbitration award. The article deals with the powers of Russian courts exercised by them while considering the applications for issuing the writs of execution with respect to international commercial arbitration awards. Special attention is paid to the issues of interpretation and application of legal definitions of «public policy» and «violation of public policy» in practice. Upon the analysis of the notions of «public policy» and «fundamental principles of the Russian law» the authors come to the conclusion that differences exist in their contents and meaning. The authors elaborate on the prospective of further development of the law enforcement practice of the State courts in the view of the recent reform of the legislation on domestic and international commercial arbitration and the reform of highest court instances of the Russian Federation. 

Keywords: international commercial arbitration; public policy; fundamental principles of the Russian law; arbitration tribunal; enforcement of international commercial arbitration awards.

References 

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Asoskov A.V. Voprosy mezhdunarodnogo arbitrazha v novom obzore Prezidiuma VAS RF: Poisk pravil’nykh reshenij [Issues of International Arbitration in the New Review of the Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation: Search of the Correct Decisions]. Mezhdunarodnyj kommercheskij arbitrazh = International Commercial Arbitration, 2006, no. 2. (In Russian) 
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Gabov A.V., Ganicheva E.S. Ustanovlenie arbitrazhnym sudom osnovanij dlya otkaza v vydache ispolnitel’nogo litsa na prinuditel’noe ispolnenie resheniya mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo arbitrazha [Establishment by the Arbitration Court Grounds for Refusal to Issue a Writ of Execution for the Enforcement of a Decision of International Commercial Arbitration]. In Kommentarij praktiki rassmotreniya ekonomicheskikh sporov (sudebno-arbitrazhnoj praktiki). Vyp. 23 [Commentary on the Practice of Considering Economic Disputes (Judicial-Arbitration Practice). Issue 23]. Moscow, 2017. (In Russian) 
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Information about the authors

Gabov A.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Deputy Director of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation (107078, Russia, Moscow, Bolshoy Kharitonievsky Lane, bldg. 22–24, 1A, 1BV; e-mail: office@izak.ru); 

Gaidaenko Sher N.I. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Scientific Fellow of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation (107078, Russia, Moscow, Bolshoy Kharitonievsky Lane, bldg. 22–24, 1A, 1BV; e-mail: office@izak.ru); 

Ganicheva E.S. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Research Scientist of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation (107078, Russia, Moscow, Bolshoy Kharitonievsky Lane, bldg. 22–24, 1A, 1BV; e-mail: office@izak.ru); 

Zhuikov V.M. (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Legislation and Procedure of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation (107078, Russia, Moscow, Bolshoy Kharitonievsky Lane, bldg. 22–24, 1A, 1BV; e-mail: office@izak.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Gabov A.V., Gaidaenko Sher N.I., Ganicheva E.S., Zhuikov V.M. Narushenie publichnogo poryadka kak osnovanie k otkazu v priznanii i ispolnenii resheniya mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo arbitrazha [Violation of Public Policy as a Ground for Refusal in Recognition and Enforcement of International Commercial Arbitration Awards]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure,2017, no. 5, p. 45–68. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-5-45-68

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A.V. Gabov, N.I. Gaidaenko Sher, E.S. Ganicheva, V.M. Zhuikov